Propolis (putty of bees) has been used as a natural remedy since ancient times. The propolis acts as a protective mechanism against negative climatic and hygienic factors in the hive. The effect of propolis can be described by its low thermal conductivity, antiseptic properties and water impermeability. As a result, the bee colonies are protected from climatic and hygienic influences in a natural way. Propolis is not an endogenous product of the bee. It is collected from leaf buds and barks. The main ingredient of propolis is made of various tree resins by scraping off the prey.
The color of propolis differs from yellowish, reddish, greenish to brown tones. Propolis has a bitter taste. The melting point is according to Peschanski (1963) between 80 ° C and 104 ° C.
Propolis contains important ingredients, as well as rich properties. In addition, includes propolis, wax, essential oils, flower pollen, a wide range of valuable amino acids, minerals, trace elements (iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc), flavonoids (effectiveness of propolis is mainly in the flavonoids), vitamins (vitamin, A, - B, and -E) and bee enzymes. In addition, so far about 30 antimicrobial substances have been detected in the propolis.
Raw Material Sources of Propolis
Chromatographic analysis of the plant parts of propolis has revealed that propolis mainly contains the substances that excrete the plant species occurring in the corresponding geographical region LAVIE et al. (1975) and POPRAWKO (1976). The flora of Anatolia is considered the most diverse and varied of the Middle East. The climatic diversity and a mountainous landscape allow a strong differentiation of the flora. Therefore, Propolis and other bee products derived from Anatolia are very valuable.
Propolis Instincts Different Bee Species
It is believed that the propolis instinct of bees over time as a protective mechanism against negative external conditions emerged. The Propolis instinct differs among the different bee breeds.
Worth Knowing About Propolis