Royal Jelly Benefits
What is Royal Jelly?
It is a highly nutritious milky-creamy white substance produced by honey bees to feed queen bees and young larvae. Since propolis is obtained by collecting plants; Royal Jelly is secreted by bees’ own bodies. The bees secrete Royal Jelly with glands above the pharynx and are used to feed their young. Therefore, it can be said that Royal Jelly is as valuable as breast milk.
Royal Jelly is also known as Bee Saliva, Bee Spit, Honey Bee Milk and Apis Mellifera.
Benefits of Royal Jelly
Royal Jelly is naturally produced by worker honey bees between the sixth and twelfth days of their life and is an essential food for growing and development of queen honey bees and feeding their young larvae. When bee larvae are first born, they are fed with Royal Jelly in order to get a healthy, nutritious boost to survive their first few days. After 3-4 days, larvae no longer consume Royal Jelly. But females chosen to become possible queen bees are constantly fed an abundant amount of Royal Jelly and this is how they develop themselves. Due to their specialized nutrition, queen bees differ from worker honey bees in several days.
Royal Jelly is also the only source in which queen bee, which is only one in the hive, is fed throughout its life. Behind the reign of the queen be is Royal Jelly. The queen bee, which is exclusively fed with Royal Jelly, has an extended lifespan when compared with short-lived and infertile worker honey bees.While the bee’s life spans 45 days, the queen bee can survive for 5 to 7 years.
Queen bees are approximately twice the size of worker honey bees, live 40 times longer and lay around 2000 eggs in a day. Female bees that eat large quantities of Royal Jelly develop active ovaries to become effective queen bees.
Royal Jelly is a supplemental food for queen bees for nutrition, infertility and anti-aging.
Royal Jelly is highly nutritious and has antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties since it is the gunk developing bees float in until they metamorphose.
Royal Jelly’s nutritional content is a potential benefit as a substance providing a wide range of essential nutrients.
Composition of Royal Jelly
Royal Jelly is similar to dense milk when it is fresh in terms of physical properties. Over time, it may become jelly and its color may change from bone color to brown. It has a characteristic and distinctive smell and a sour taste. And it quickly melts and foams when it is mixed with water.
While the calorie content of propolis is zero, Royal Jelly contains protein, various fats, fibers, sodium, B group vitamins and minerals. The main part of the Royal Jelly composition consists of protein.
Royal Jelly is a complex substance packed full of bioactive compounds and generally composed of 50-60% water, 12-15% protein, 15% carbs, 3-6% lipids, 2-3% vitamins and 1,5% mineral salts and aminoacids. There are also small amount of vitamins and trace minerals in Royal Jelly, these vitamins are several types of Vitamin B (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6). Mineral substances of Royal Jelly consists of calcium, manganese, potassium, sodium, cooper, zinc and iron). Since it is a plant based product, it also contains some polyphenols which are rich antioxidants. The potential benefits of Royal Jelly are derived from the protein, vitamin and fatty acid contents.
On the other hand, Royal Jelly contains a fatty acid called 10-HDA which is not found in any other food. 10-HDA can be considered as a parameter determining the quality of Royal Jelly. In the colonies having high quality pollen and nectar, 10-HDA value increases. And when nectar and pollen flow is lower, 10-HDA value also decreases accordingly. Therefore, 10-HDA is externally added to some of Chinese Royal Jelly products in order to increase this essential value regarding to have a higher results.
The chemical composition of Royal Jelly varies depending on geography and climate conditions.